Pension Corporation of America
Wealth Management
Pension Corporation of America
2133 Luray Avenue
Cincinnati, OH 45206
513-281-3366
fax 513-281-1799
wealthmanagement@pencorp.com
www.pencorp.com
 
 




Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs)

 

How Are RMDs Calculated?

RMDs are generally calculated by dividing your traditional IRA or retirement plan account balance by a life expectancy factor specified in IRS tables listed in Publication 590-B. Your account balance is usually calculated as of December 31 of the year preceding the calendar year for which the distribution is required to be made.

Example(s):  You have a traditional IRA, and you will reach age 72 in 2022. Your first RMD must be taken no later than April 1, 2023. In calculating this RMD, you must use the total value of your IRA as of December 31, 2021.

Caution:  When calculating the RMD amount for your second distribution year (in this example, 2023), you base the calculation on the IRA or plan balance as of December 31 of the first distribution year (the year you reached age 72 — in this example, 2022) regardless of whether or not you waited until April 1 of the following year to take your first required distribution.

For most taxpayers, calculating RMDs is straightforward. For each calendar year, simply divide your account balance as of December 31 of the prior year by your distribution period, determined under the Uniform Lifetime Table using your attained age in that calendar year. This life expectancy table is based on the assumption that you have designated a beneficiary who is exactly 10 years younger than you are. Every IRA owner's and plan participant's calculation is based on the same assumption.

There is one exception to the procedure described above — the younger spouse rule. If your sole designated beneficiary is your spouse, and he or she is more than 10 years younger than you, the calculation of your RMDs may be based on the longer joint and survivor life expectancy of you and your spouse. Consequently, if your spouse is your designated beneficiary and is more than 10 years younger than you, you can take your RMDs over a longer payout period than under the Uniform Lifetime Table. If your beneficiary is not your spouse, or a spouse who is not more than 10 years younger than you, then you must use the shorter payout period specified in the Uniform Lifetime Table (see below).

Uniform Lifetime Table

For use by:

  • Unmarried owners
  • Married owner whose spouse is not more than 10 years younger
  • Married owner whose spouse is not the sole beneficiary
AgeDistribution periodAgeDistribution periodAgeDistribution period
7227.48813.71044.9
7326.58912.91054.6
7425.59012.21064.3
7524.69111.51074.1
7623.79210.81083.9
7722.99310.11093.7
7822.0949.51103.5
7921.1958.91113.4
8020.2968.41123.3
8119.4977.81133.1
8218.5987.31143.0
8317.7996.81152.9
8416.81006.41162.8
8516.01016.01172.7
8615.21025.61182.5
8714.41035.21192.3
120+2.0

Tip:  In order for the younger spouse rule to apply, your spouse must be your sole beneficiary for the entire distribution year. Your spouse will be considered your sole beneficiary for the entire year if he or she is your sole beneficiary on January 1 of the year, and you don't change your beneficiary during the year. In other words, even if your spouse dies, or you get divorced after January 1, you can use the younger spouse rule for that distribution year (but not for distribution years that follow). In the case of divorce, however, if you designate a new beneficiary prior to the end of the distribution year, you cannot use the younger spouse rule (since your former spouse will not be considered your sole beneficiary for the entire year).

If you have multiple IRAs, an RMD is calculated separately for each IRA. However, you can withdraw the required amount from any one or more IRAs. Inherited IRAs are not included with your own for this purpose. [Similar rules apply to Section 403(b) accounts.] If you participate in more than one employer retirement plan, your RMD is calculated separately for each plan and must be paid from that plan.



Advisory Services Offered Through PCA Investment Advisory Services, Inc.
Securities Offered Through L.M Kohn & Company 10151 Carver Road, Ste. 100., Cincinnati, OH 45242
Member FINRA/SIPC And a Registered Broker-Dealer not affiliated with PCA Investment Advisory Services, Inc. This communication is strictly intended for individuals residing in the state(s) of CT, IN, KY and OH. No offers may be made or accepted from any resident outside the specific states referenced.
Prepared by Broadridge Investor Communication Solutions, Inc. Copyright 2022.